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Yuri Gagarin was the first Russian cosmonaut, the first man in the world who makes a journey into space.
Gagarin was born March 9, 1934, in the village of Klushino Gzhatsk District. By birth, he comes from a peasant, his father worked as a carpenter, and his mother worked on a dairy farm. Apart from Yuri, there were three other children in the family. The future cosmonaut had an uneasy childhood. As many people at those times, his family suffered from Nazi occupation. When he was a child, his father taught him to make toy planes. In 1941 he started attending a local school, but his studies were interrupted by the World War II. The whole village was occupied by Germans in November of the same year. However, life continued and Yuri grew as a smart and active boy. Soon they moved to Gzhatsk and then to Moscow region. In 1951 he graduated with an honors degree from an evening school in Lyubertsy. In 1955 he graduated from the Saratov Industrial Technical School. During his student years he also attended a local aviation club. Gradually, aviation became his life’s work. In 1960 he started preparing for the flight into space.12 April 1961, Yuri Gagarin became the first man in the history of the world, to make a flight into space. Rocket «Vostok» with the ship «Vostok», carrying the Gagarin was launched from the Baikonur Cosmodrome. After 108 minutes in space, Yuri Gagarin successfully landed in the Saratov region, near the town of Engels. Starting from April 12, 1962 on Gagarin’s flight into space was declared a holiday — Day of Cosmonautics. After this flight he became a world hero. He visited many countries and met millions of people.Gagarin died tragically on March 27, 1968 in a plane crash near the village of Novoselovo Kirzhachsky Vladimir region during a training flight in an airplane. Gagarin is buried near the Kremlin wall on Red Square in Moscow.