Ukolov, Stepan Andreevich
The war. This is a really frightening word. The event that touched each family and everyone in our country. Its consequences still make our fresh creep. This “plague” concerned our city, too. The great revolution shoke the life of our peaceful city as well as the life of all the country not long ago. Between victorious meetings in the 1920s and bitter meetings of 1941 there are two but eventive decades - our story can hardly be told. But the trumpets were going to herald the turn of the century – its Second World War This war did mobilize everybody: craftsmen, students, children, olderly people, the only son in the family.. plants and factories worked 24 hours a day. Machines were operated by women and teenagers. Indeed, the war years were those of the people’s sorrow and fame. Perm is a warrior city, a worker city, and the names of the Motherland’s heroesare written into its history with golden letters. It had taken great time before the peaceful walk of life was returned, the economics of the country was improved, the moral diseases of our people were recovered, the greatest misfortune was overcome. But each 9th of May, the Victory day, widows, mothers, veterans involuntary think if the peace will come to the Earth some day. Bright colored rockets fly into the spring sky. They do not signal to the attack to begin, but they signal the memory of battles, sorrow of losses, hard way towards the victory. Military college student, cadets, young boys are the future defenders of our country. Let it be peaceful, your military service. We were lucky to have a talk with the daughter of World War's participant - Ukolov Stepan Andreevich - Ludmila Stepanovna Ukolova. - Dear Ludmila Stepanovna, the war was mirciless to everybody in our country. How did it treat you, I wonder? - I was born two years after the end of the war, that's why all my life was connected with the reminiscences about it. I didn't face it myself, but I do remember from the stories of my family the panic keeping the whole country under the great pressure during that time. - Who from your family members took part in the War? - At that time nobody managed to avoid it. Otherwise, my father took part in the war actions directly. My dad, Sergey Pavlovich Ukolov worked on KGB, and he had the right not to participate in the war at all. He had been staying within our city for a while. But as soon as he got the letter saying the bomb fell down on the house where his family lived and everybody died, he joined the front. I'm proud of the fact he took part in many arms, even though he didn't like to be praised for that in public. Once he was wounded and got into the concentration camp. You know, life in German concentration campsis a real disaster. Such kind of establishments were organised by German after the fascist dictatorship was brought into life in German in order to illuminate the number of those who opposed to the system. The Slavs and Jewish people and other races were anamals from the fascists' point of view. They didn't care if the prisoners would survive or not. Soviet people were not even fed, they were also shot because of the slightest mistakes. The majority met the winter in such camps without any clothes under the open sky or quickly organized dugout. The German officer, Dorsh, who visited the camp in Minsk in 1941 wrote:"The captives, the problem of food for whom is hardly possible to solve as they live for 6-8 days without have only one striving - to get something eatable..." The fascists' hangmen were competing in cruelty and sadism between them. The prisoners were harnessed to heavy platforms, loaded with stones, and made sing. Other inmates called them "barge haulers", but facists made up an abusing name "singing horses" for them. The German escort jumped on the platfrorm and bit the poor people.One of the most famous entertainments for them was the so-called "fertilizer", which was actually the sewage from the toilets nearby. The stuff should have been taken from the pit and brought to the garden. Muddy, exhausted and hungry prisoners worked without any rest under the control of the guard along the roud, bitting the disobidient every possible moment.
- Did your father often speak about the war? - My father didn't like to mention anything connectwed with it. He was a severe person accustomed to solve his own problems without sharing his sufferings. Sometimes, being a small girl I used to ask him a lot of questions about the war and his friends but he always avoided the topic. Only once, when I was sitting in the next room I heard my father telling about the war to his friends. since then on I've never tried to touch upon this question.
- Was anything left to your father after the war in remembrance of it?
- Awards were left, alongside with the wounds which led him to death at the age of 51.
The main war route of S.A.Ukolov:
Russian Version Уколов, Степан Андреевич
French Version Oukolov, Stepan